Blue Sky Thinking

An agile and creative process without limitations – a way of thinking freely


Our identity – the epicenter from which all things come


QuantX ETFs

Innovative ETF Solutions
Risk Managed Funds
Dynamic Beta Fund

What We Do

Quantitative Research

We are quants. Passion for quantitative analysis is what brought our team together. Blue Sky was founded on research and development of new ideas on products with practical application.

Our Research

Index Provider

Our indices are designed to reflect innovative quantitative strategies for gaining exposure to new sources of alpha, and unique solutions for risk management. We currently create and maintain the QuantX Indices that our passive ETFs mirror. These indices are then maintained by Solactive, one of our partner index providers.

Our Indices

Separate Account Manager

We launched Blue Sky in 2013 to provide separate account solutions to institutions and advisors and their clients. Our flagship Dynamic Asset Allocation Strategies broadly seek to enhance risk-adjusted returns in all market conditions by over-weighting risk assets in periods of market strength, and over-weighting defensive assets in periods of market weakness.


“When events change, I change my mind. What do you do?”
— Paul Samuelson – Nobel Prize Winner and father of dynamic asset allocation

All investment strategies are based upon a set of assumptions or historical research including buy and hold. Economic regimes constantly change; interest rates, inflation and equity markets can move substantially up or down and significantly impact portfolio returns. Unlike endowments, investors do not have an infinite time horizon. For this reason we believe that a traditional strategic asset allocation approach based on modern portfolio theory is suboptimal. It makes more sense to adapt to changes in the economic environment. We favor a dynamic approach to asset allocation using market information to guide our investment decisions. Most importantly, we believe that a systematic, quantitative approach is necessary to avoid emotions and biases in decision-making.

We believe that an ongoing commitment to research is the foundation of our investment philosophy. It is the key to uncovering new and actionable information that can be used to further enhance existing models and to develop new strategies.

The Snowflake – Simple Yet Elegantly Complex

“Simple can be harder than complex: You have to work hard to get your thinking clean to make it simple. But it’s worth it in the end because once you get there, you can move mountains.”
— Steve Jobs – former CEO of Apple

The snowflake is a wonder of nature, appearing so simple and yet it is deceptively complex. Its unique shape is determined by the specific path it follows when falling through the sky. No two are the same, and the number of possible different shapes is infinite. The symmetry of the snowflake has proven influential in the field of mathematics and fractal geometry.

Similar to the snowflake, we believe that solutions to complex investment challenges should be simple to understand and intuitive. They should be founded upon thoughtfully researched principles that are timeless and enduring.

Latest Research

Dynamic Asset Allocation Part II
Table of Contents Defining Momentum Terminology in Academic Research Why Does Momentum Work? Momentum and Dynamic Asset Allocation The Story

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Whitepaper: Managing Risk in Retirement: Part II
Summary and Paper Outline The Challenge of Being a Passive Investor Investors face the prospect of poor expected long-term returns

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The Importance of Managing Risk in Retirement
Effective risk management can be very beneficial to investors, and particularly helpful to those near or in retirement. Specifically, portfolio

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Latest Blog Posts

The Case for a Dynamic Beta Strategy
“More empirical effort may have been put into testing the CAPM equation than any other result in finance. The results

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Using the Volatility Surface to Estimate Expected Returns
There are many different ways to estimate returns using quantitative data. The conventional approach is to use a ‘factor model’

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Ways to Manage Risk
Investors are emotional beings, creatures of habit, and as a result, the makers of irrational and untimely decisions when it

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Keys Tinney
Managing Partner & Portfolio Manager
Keys is the Founder and Managing Partner of Blue Sky Asset Management, LLC (BSAM). Additionally, he has been the Managing Partner of Aveo Capital Partners, LLC, a Registered Investment Advisory firm providing private wealth management services to high net worth investors. Prior to Aveo, Keys worked with a boutique firm working with large accounting firm owned RIAs to re-engineer their wealth advisory and asset management platform. Keys is a Certified Financial Planner® (CFP) and received his B.A. from the University of Colorado.

David Varadi
Director of Research & Portfolio Manager
David is the Co-Founder and Portfolio Manager of QuantX Funds and has been the Director of Research at Blue Sky Asset Management since 2014. Previously, David was the Vice President of Economic Research and Strategic Development for Flexible Plan Investments overseeing quantitative strategy development. Before joining Flexible Plan Investments, David was the Quantitative Director for Butler, Philbrick and Gordillo in Toronto, Canada. He was also the founder of CSS Analytics, an institutional quantitative investment management consulting firm and author of the popular CSSA blog. David is a CFA charterholder, and received his MBA from the Schulich School of Business at York University in Toronto.

Corey Rittenhouse
Quantitative Research Analyst
Corey has been the lead software and technology developer for Blue Sky Asset Management since 2014. Previously, Corey was the lead software developer for the Economic Research and Strategic Development department of Flexible Plan Investments in Michigan. Prior to that, Corey was the lead developer of research and trading software for Butler, Philbrick and Gordillo in Toronto, Canada. He was also Chief Technology Officer of Quoceant Strategies, LLP from and lead developer and researcher for CSS Analytics.

Enn Kuutan, CFA®
Quantitative Research Analyst
Enn serves as Quantitative Research Analyst, focusing on technical systems development and quantitative research. Prior to joining Blue Sky, he was the Manager of Financial Planning and Analysis at Workopolis with a focus in quantitative analytics. Before that, he looked after the long term trading for the Canadian natural gas commodity hedge portfolio and forecast models for various gas and electricity commodity portfolios at Just Energy. Enn is a CFA charterholder and received a Bachelor’s of Applied Science in Industrial Engineering from the University of Toronto. He wrote his undergraduate thesis on portfolio management and optimization, investigating a hybrid risk measure – Conditional Drawdown-At-Risk.